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Who is an Athlete?

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An Athlete is One who competes in athletic events.

Depending on his job specification he may be called: Hockey Player, Baseball Player, Golf Professional, Baseball Pitcher, Professional Golf Tournament Player, Basketball Player, Minor League Baseball Player, Major League Baseball Player, Professional Athlete, Football Player This Occupation May Require: SSCE or Less; Diploma; Degree; Training. Tasks, Duties, Responsibilities
  • Attends scheduled practice or training sessions.
  • Participates in athletic events or competitive sports, according to established rules and regulations.
  • Exercises or practices under the direction of athletic trainers or professional coaches to develop skills, improve physical condition, or prepare for competitions.
  • Maintains equipment used in a particular sport.
  • Maintains optimum physical fitness levels by training regularly, following nutrition plans, or consulting with health professionals.
  • Assesses performance following athletic competition, identifying strengths and weaknesses and making adjustments to improve future performance.
  • Receives instructions from coaches and other sports staff prior to events, and discusses their performance afterwards.
  • Represents teams or professional sports clubs, performing such activities as meeting with members of the media, making speeches, or participating in charity events.; Leads teams by serving as captain.

Who is an Interpreter?

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An Interpreter is One who interprets oral or sign language, or translates written text from one language into another.

Depending on his job specification he may be called: Court Interpreter, Deaf Interpreter, Educational Interpreter, Interpreter, Medical Interpreter, Paraprofessional Interpreter, Sign Language Interpreter, Spanish Interpreter, Technical Translator, Translator This Occupation May Require: SSCE: Diploma; Degree; Professional Certification, Training Tasks, Duties, Responsibilities
  • Follows ethical codes that protect the confidentiality of information.
  • Translates messages simultaneously or consecutively into specified languages, orally or by using hand signs, maintaining message content, context, and style as much as possible.
  • Listens to speakers' statements to determine meanings and to prepare translations, using electronic listening systems as necessary.
  • Compiles terminology and information to be used in translations, including technical terms such as those for legal or medical material.
  • Reads written materials, such as legal documents, scientific works, or news reports, and rewrite material into specified languages.
  • Identifies and resolves conflicts related to the meanings of words, concepts, practices, or behaviors.
  • Checks translations of technical terms and terminology to ensure that they are accurate and remain consistent throughout translation revisions.
  • Refers to reference materials, such as dictionaries, lexicons, encyclopedias, and computerized terminology banks, as needed to ensure translation accuracy.
  • Trains and supervises other translators or interpreters.
  • Educates students, parents, staff, and teachers about the roles and functions of educational interpreters.

Reporter Career

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A Reporter is One who collects and analyzes facts about newsworthy events by interview, investigation, or observation.

Depending on his job function he may be called: Anchor, News Reporter, General Assignment Reporter, Television News Anchor (TV News Anchor), Television News Reporter, Television Reporter (TV Reporter), Staff Writer, Sports Writer, News Director. This Occupation May Require: Degree in Journalism; Professional Certification, Training. Tasks, Duties, Responsibilities
  • Reports news stories for publication or broadcast, describing the background and details of events.
  • Arranges interviews with people who can provide information about a story.
  • Reviews copy and corrects errors in content, grammar, and punctuation, following prescribed editorial style and formatting guidelines.
  • Reviews and evaluates notes taken about event aspects in order to isolate pertinent facts and details.
  • Determines a story's emphasis, length, and format, and organizes material accordingly.
  • Researches and analyzes background information related to stories in order to be able to provide complete and accurate information.
  • Gathers information about events through research, interviews, experience, or attendance at political, news, sports, artistic, social, or other functions.
  • Investigates breaking news developments, such as disasters, crimes, or human-interest stories.
  • Researches and reports on specialized fields such as medicine, science and technology, politics, foreign affairs, sports, arts, consumer affairs, business, religion, crime, or education.
  • Receives assignments or evaluates leads or tips to develop story ideas.
Tools: Digital camcorders or video cameras, Facsimile machines, Microphones, Mobile phones, Satellite core equipment Technology: Analytical or scientific software, Data base user interface and query software, Map creation software, Spreadsheet software, Web page creation and editing software

Who is a Photographer?

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A Photographer is One who takes pictures of people, landscapes, merchandise, or other subjects, using digital or film cameras and equipment. Depending on his job function he may be called: Photographer, Photojournalist, Newspaper Photographer, Newspaper Photojournalist, Advertising Photographer, News Photographer, Photo Editor, Sports Photographer, Studio Photographer. This Occupation May Require: SSCE: Diploma; Degree; Professional Certification, Training Tasks, Duties, Responsibilities
  • Takes pictures of individuals, families, and small groups, either in studio or on location.
  • Adjusts apertures, shutter speeds, and camera focus based on a combination of factors such as lighting, field depth, subject motion, film type, and film speed.
  • Uses traditional or digital cameras, along with a variety of equipment such as tripods, filters, and flash attachments.
  • Creates artificial light, using flashes and reflectors.
  • Determines desired images and picture composition, selecting and adjusting subjects, equipment, and lighting to achieve desired effects.
  • Scans photographs into computers for editing, storage, and electronic transmission.
  • Tests equipment prior to use to ensure that it is in good working order.
  • Reviews sets of photographs to select the best work.
  • Estimates or measures light levels, distances, and numbers of exposures needed, using measuring devices and formulas.
  • Manipulates and enhances scanned or digital images to create desired effects, using computers and specialized software.

Who is a Graphic Designer?

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A Graphic Designer is One who designs or creates graphics to meet specific commercial or promotional needs, such as packaging, displays, or logos. Depending on his job function he may be called: Graphic Designer, Graphic Artist, Designer, Creative Director, Artist, Design Director, Composing Room Supervisor, Creative Manager, Desktop Publisher, Graphic Designer/Production. This Occupation May Require: SSCE: Diploma; Degree; Professional Certification, Training Tasks, Duties, Responsibilities
  • Creates designs, concepts, and sample layouts based on knowledge of layout principles and esthetic design concepts.
  • Determines size and arrangement of illustrative material and copies, and selects style and size of type.
  • Confers with clients to discuss and determine layout design.
  • Develops graphics and layouts for product illustrations, company logos, and Internet websites.
  • Reviews final layouts and suggests improvements as needed.
  • Prepares illustrations or rough sketches of material, discussing them with clients or supervisors and making necessary changes.
  • Uses computer software to generate new images.
  • Keys information into computer equipment to create layouts for client or supervisor.
  • Maintains archive of images, photos, or previous work products.
  • Prepares notes and instructions for workers who assemble and prepare final layouts for printing
Tools: Computer, laser printers; Wide format printers, Laptop computers, Photocopying equipment, Computer scanners, 35 millimeter cameras Technology: Data base user interface and query software, Desktop publishing software , Graphics or photo imaging software , Web page creation and editing software , Web platform development software

Who is a Film & Video Editor?

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A Video Editor is One who edits moving images on film, video, or other media. He may edit or synchronize soundtracks with images.

Depending on his job specification he may be called: Video Editor, News Editor, Videographer, News Video Editor, News Videotape Editor, Assistant Film Editor, Film Editor, Non-Linear Editor, Online Editor. This Occupation May Require: SSCE: Diploma; Degree; Professional Certification, Training Tasks, Duties, Responsibilities
  • Organizes and strings together raw footage into a continuous whole according to scripts or the instructions of directors and producers.
  • Reviews assembled films or edited videotapes on screens or monitors to determine if corrections are necessary.
  • Trims film segments to specified lengths, and reassembles segments in sequences that present stories with maximum effect.
  • Determines the specific audio and visual effects and music necessary to complete films.
  • Sets up and operates computer editing systems, electronic titling systems, video switching equipment, and digital video effects units to produce a final product.
  • Selects and combines the most effective shots of each scene to form a logical and smoothly running story.
  • Edits films and videotapes to insert music, dialogue, and sound effects, to arrange films into sequences, and to correct errors, using editing equipment.
  • Cuts shot sequences to different angles at specific points in scenes, making each individual cut as fluid and seamless as possible.
  • Marks frames where a particular shot or piece of sound is to begin or end.
  • Verifies key numbers and time codes on materials.

Who is a Music Composer?

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A Music Composer is One who writes and transcribes musical scores.

Depending on his job function he may be called: Music Arranger, Music Producer, Film Composer, Songwriter, Composer, Creative Director, Jingle Writer This Occupation May Require: Diploma; Degree; Professional Certification, Training Tasks, Duties, Responsibilities
  • Applies elements of music theory to create musical and tonal structures, including harmonies and melodies.
  • Uses computers and synthesizers to compose, orchestrate, and arrange music.
  • Determines voices, instruments, harmonic structures, rhythms, tempos, and tone balances required to achieve the effects desired in a musical composition.
  • Experiments with different sounds, and types and pieces of music, using synthesizers and computers as necessary to test and evaluate ideas.
  • Writes changes directly into compositions, or use computer software to make changes.
  • Transcribes ideas for musical compositions into musical notation, using instruments, pen and paper, or computers.
  • Guides musicians during rehearsals, performances, or recording sessions.
  • Scores compositions so that they are consistent with instrumental and vocal capabilities such as ranges and keys, using knowledge of music theory.
  • Writes musical scores for orchestras, bands, choral groups, or individual instrumentalists or vocalists, using knowledge of music theory and of instrumental and vocal capabilities.
  • Confers with producers and directors to define the nature and placement of film or television music.

Who is a Choreographer?

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A Choreographer is One who creates new dance routines. She rehearses performance of routines.

Depending on her job specification she may be called Artistic Director, Dance Director. This Occupation May Require: Diploma; Degree; Professional Certification, Training and rehearsals Tasks, Duties, Responsibilities
  • Directs rehearsals to instruct dancers in how to use dance steps, and in techniques to achieve desired effects.
  • Reads and studies story lines and musical scores to determine how to translate ideas and moods into dance movements.
  • Designs dances for individual dancers, dance companies, musical theatre, opera, fashion shows, film, television productions and special events, and for dancers ranging from beginners to professionals.
  • Chooses the music, sound effects, or spoken narrative to accompany a dance.
  • Advises dancers on how to stand and move properly, teaching correct dance techniques to help prevent injuries.
  • Coordinates production music with music directors.
  • Auditions performers for one or more dance parts.
  • Directs and stages dance presentations for various forms of entertainment.
  • Develops ideas for creating dances, keeping notes and sketches to record influences.
  • Trains, exercises, and attends dance classes to maintain high levels of technical proficiency, physical ability, and physical fitness.

Who is a Dancer?

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A Dancer is One who performs dances. She may perform on stage, for on-air broadcasting, or for video recording.

Depending on her job function he may be called: Dancer, Ballet Dancer, Soloist Dancer, Company Dancer, Ballerina, Ballet Company Member, Ballet Soloist, Performing Artist, Belly Dancer, Dance Artist. This Occupation May Require: SSCE or Less; Diploma; Degree; Professional Certification, Training and Rehearsals Tasks, Duties, Responsibilities
  • Trains, exercises, and attends dance classes to maintain high levels of technical proficiency, physical ability, and physical fitness.
  • Studies and practices dance moves required in roles.
  • Harmonizes body movements to rhythm of musical accompaniment.
  • Performs classical, modern, or acrobatic dances in productions, expressing stories, rhythm, and sound with their bodies.
  • Collaborates with choreographers in order to refine or modify dance steps.
  • Coordinates dancing with that of partners or dance ensembles.
  • Attends costume fittings, photography sessions, and makeup calls associated with dance performances.
  • Auditions for dance roles or for membership in dance companies.
  • Develops self-understanding of physical capabilities and limitations, and chooses dance styles accordingly.
  • Monitors the field of dance to remain aware of current trends and innovations.

Who is an Actor or Actress?

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An Actor or Actress is One who plays parts in stage, television, radio, video, motion picture productions, or other settings for entertainment, information, or instruction. He may dance and sing.

Depending on his job function he may be called: Comedian, Comic, Community Theater Actor, Narrator, Voice-Over Artist, Stand-Up Comedian, Theatre Ensemble Member. This Occupation May Require: SSCE or less: Diploma; Degree; Master’s Degree; Doctoral Degree; Professional Certification, Training and Rehearsals. Tasks, Duties, Responsibilities
  • Studies and rehearses roles from scripts in order to interpret, learn and memorize lines, stunts, and cues as directed.
  • Works closely with directors, other actors, and playwrights to find the interpretation most suited to the role.
  • Learns about characters in scripts and their relationships to each other in order to develop role interpretations.
  • Collaborates with other actors as part of an ensemble.
  • Performs humorous and serious interpretations of emotions, actions, and situations, using body movements, facial expressions, and gestures.
  • Attends auditions and casting calls in order to audition for roles.
  • Portrays and interpret roles, using speech, gestures, and body movements in order to entertain, inform, or instruct radio, film, television, or live audiences.
  • Works with other crewmembers responsible for lighting, costumes, makeup, and props.
  • Sings and/or dances during dramatic or comedic performances.
  • Reads from scripts or books to narrate action or to inform or entertain audiences, utilizing few or no stage props.
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